Mold making in metal stamping

I. Overview This paper mainly summarizes the routine processes and methods in the process of mold customization in metal stamping. 1 Scope Pre-preparation, mold making, and finishing procedures and methods for mold customization in metal stamping 2. Limitations Did not discuss frequently encountered problems and solutions Did not discuss the practice of the fixed industry Did not discuss the process specific implementation steps Second, preliminary preparation 1. ID/MD confirmation ID (design) / MD (structural design) is the basis of mold manufacturing and product production in metal stamping. If the foundation is not good, it will bring a lot of trouble to the follow-up work. It is necessary to ensure that the ID/MD is confirmed by the main parties, including the sales department, the R&D department, and the product department, and is finally finalized by the boss. (1) Input Inputs to this process include, but are not limited to, requirements documents, design contracts, structure files, appearance files, process files, BOM sheets, silk screen files, hand switches, and the like. Requirements document: A document describing the product requirements, which is jointly confirmed by both parties, and provides support for ID/MD during the design communication process; Design contract: Confirm the scope of the design company’s services, including their role in the subsequent mold manufacturing process in metal stamping; Structure file: The structure of the product, provided by the design company, mostly 3D files. If the company has a structural engineer, this file can be used to judge the complexity of the structure, ease of use, etc., the document needs to be opened with professional documents, if the company has no conditions, The design company may be required to submit a structure proposal, convert PDF format or exe format; Appearance file: The appearance of the product is presented before the product is made. The appearance file needs to reflect the size, shape and color of the product, and can be presented in the form of PPT, PDF, picture, etc. Process documentation: The materials, processes, etc. used to react the various components can be presented in Excel, PPT, etc. BOM: Also called BOM list, presented in tabular form, indicating the various components included in the product, including but not limited to part names, part styles, quantities, material processes, etc. Silk-screen documents: If you need to print or other decorations on the product shell, you need to make silk-screen documents, mostly in AI format; Hand pull: The hand pull is a model made according to ID/MD. It is used to visually confirm whether the ID/MD design meets the demand. The cost of the hand pull is relatively high. For different purposes, the hand pull can be made separately, such as the overall production. And only make a certain part. (2) Tools The tools used in this process include, but are not limited to, feedback sheets, meetings, brainstorming, expert consultation, checklists, Internet tools, and more. Feedback Sheet: A document that feeds back design questions for written communication with the metal stamping company. Through the analysis of ID/MD and hand pull, feedback problems that do not meet the requirements and suggestions for improvement; Meeting: It can meet with relevant parties within the company to analyze problems and propose improvement suggestions. It can also meet with design companies to feedback problems and suggestions for improvement; Brainstorming: Brainstorming can be used to find problems, improve suggestions, etc. Expert consultation: Seek the analysis and judgment of experts in the field for the problems of structure and technology, and provide opinions and suggestions; Checklist: For some issues of concern, such as size, color, ease of operation, etc., checklists can be obtained through brainstorming, expert analysis and other tools; Internet tools: You can get some knowledge of design, mold, etc. through Baidu, Zhizhi and other Internet tools. (3) output The output files of the ID/MD confirmation process include, but are not limited to, structure files, appearance files, process files, BOM sheets, silk screen files, ID/MD confirmation files, and the like. Structure file: the final file of the ID/MD phase; Appearance file: the final file of the ID/MD phase; Process documentation: Final document for the ID/MD phase; BOM: Final file of the ID/MD phase; Screen printing file: the final file of the ID/MD stage; ID/MD Confirmation Document: A confirmation document signed by the general design company to prove that the ID/MD was finally approved. [Note] The structural documents confirmed by this process are not final documents, and will be modified according to production problems during the mold manufacturing process. 2. metal stamping Factory For the choice of metal stamping factory needs to consider all aspects, pay attention to find the most suitable rather than the best. (1) Input Inputs to this process include, but are not limited to, requirements documents, ID/MD files, factory information, quotation files, and the like. Requirements document: Respond to the basic needs of the mold metal stamping factory to be co-operated, including but not limited to: geographical location, factory scale, professional direction, factory environment, after-sales service, etc.; ID/MD file: This file is the structure file output by the ID/MD confirmation process. It needs to be sent to the mold factory for them to quote and whether they have the ability to do it; Factory information: including but not limited to: geographical location, scale, composition and number of people, turnover, technical strength, professional bias, relevant experience, price, duration, etc.; Quotation documents: Formal quotation documents, including quotations, schedules, etc., can compare the quotation documents of different manufacturers to judge the professionalism of the factory, and evaluate the real cost and construction period of the mold manufacturing. (2) Tools Tools for this process include, but are not limited to, Internet tools, inspections, expert consultation, multi-standard decision making, negotiation, and more. Internet tools: You can get some mold knowledge through Baidu, Zhihu and other tools; you can get some mold factory information through Baidu, etc.; you can communicate with the mold factory business personnel through QQ, WeChat, etc., to understand the factory information, to screen out several (general 3-5 homes) Suitable factories. Investigate: Conduct on-the-spot investigations on selected factories, focusing on plant size, equipment, environment, samples, and areas of focus; Expert consultation: Ask experts for specific domain knowledge; Multi-standard decision-making: The method of making final decision by comprehensive analysis and judgment of multiple indicators, through the use of multi-standard decision-making techniques for analysis and decision-making of several factories inspected, the main indicators include but not limited to: price, duration, geographical location, Attitude, focus on professional fields, relevant experience, scale, etc.; Negotiation: Negotiations can be made with the two companies selected after the inspection, including price and construction period, and finally one. (3) Output The output of this process includes but is not limited to: contract, confidentiality agreement, etc. Contract: must include information such as price, schedule, sample production, acceptance criteria, payment method, rights and responsibilities; Non-disclosure agreement: requires the factory to keep the ID/MD and mold data confidential, as part of the contract. Third, mold making Mold making in metal stamping includes four stages: mold review, mold design, mold processing, and test mode. Mold review The mold review is led by the mold factory, reviewing the ID/MD file, and identifying the details that are not suitable for production before the mold is made. This process requires the mold factory, the design company and us to participate. (1) Input Inputs to this process include but are not limited to: ID/MD files, contracts, etc. ID/MD file: This file is the structure file output by the ID/MD confirmation process, etc.; Contract: Includes contracts with the design company and contracts with the mold factory to clarify the roles of the parties in this process. (2) Tools Tools for this process include, but are not limited to, conferences, communication tools, feedback sheets, and more. Meetings: All relevant parties conduct meeting discussions, determine the content of the review, modify the plan, the meeting can be face-to-face meetings, and the meeting can be conducted through communication tools; Communication tools: including telephone, qq, WeChat, mail, etc.; Feedback form: For the parties to communicate in writing, to facilitate traceability. (3) output Tools for this process include, but are not limited to, ID/MD files, review confirmations, and more. ID/MD file: This file is a file update after review; Review Confirmation Form: Confirm the end of the review and proceed to the next stage. 2. Pattern design This process produces drawings and materials for mold processing based on the model evaluation output ID/MD file. This process is mainly completed by the mold factory and needs to be supervised by us. For many companies, there is no professional mold engineer, so the mold redesign process is rarely involved. 3. Mold making This process is based on the mold for mold processing, the processing technology is not described here, interested in Baidu. 4. Test mode According to the contract, the mold factory provides several sets of samples for each test mode. We carry out assembly analysis, put forward opinions, and submit the molds and molds to the mold factory, and then carry out the next test mode until the samples pass. Fourth, finishing Mold handover According to the contract, the mold is kept in the mold factory or stored separately. 2. Contract closing After the mold is confirmed, the contract with the mold factory is closed. 3. Summary of experience At the end of each phase, a summary of the experience is required. The experience summary is to provide valuable experience for the later projects and is a valuable asset of the company.